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Snail in ginger beer case: ( Donoghue v Stevenson)

Company is made responsible, if consumption of its product happens to cause injury to customers. This landmark case that made Company liable for injury caused to its consumers. Mrs  Donoghue happened to drink a bottle of ginger beer at a cafe, in which there was  a decomposed snail in the bottle.

Prior to this case, liability for personal injury was available only for physical damage inflicted. But for being made ill by consumption of a noxious substance did not qualify for damages and had no sustainable claim in law. Hence, Lord Atkin had to base his judgment on the principle  ‘loving thy neighbour’, and the parable of the Good Samaritan. “The rule that you are to love your neighbour becomes in law ‘You must not injure your neighbour’; and the lawyer’s question: ‘Who is my neighbour?’ receives a restricted reply. “You must take reasonable care to avoid acts or omissions which you can reasonably foresee would be likely to injure your neighbour.”

This case laid the foundation for consumer protection laws across the world. 

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