Biomedical Engineering

BEng (Hons) Biomedical Engineering

Biomedical engineers may be called upon in a wide range of capacities: to design instruments, devices, and software, to bring together knowledge from many technical sources to develop new procedures, or to conduct research needed to solve clinical problems.


Biomedical engineering, or bioengineering, is the application of engineering principles to the fields of biology and health care. Bioengineers work with doctors, therapists and researchers to develop systems, equipment and devices in order to solve clinical problems.

The practice of biomedical engineering has a long history. One of the earliest examples is a wood and leather prosthetic toe found on a 3,000-year-old Egyptian mummy. Before that, even simple crutches and walking sticks were a form of engineered assistive devices, and the first person to fashion a splint for a broken bone could be considered to have been an early biomedical engineer.

Specialty areas within the field of biomedical engineering

Bioinstrumentation uses electronics l Biomaterials l Biomechanics l Clinical engineering l Rehabilitation engineering l Systems physiology l Minimal invasive surgeries l Robotic surgeries l Non invasive medical devices

Development in Biomedical Engineering

Some of the life-enhancing and life-saving technologies include:

Prosthetics l Surgical devices l Robotic and laser surgery l Systems to monitor vital signs and blood chemistry l Implanted devices, such as insulin pumps, pacemakers and artificial organs l Ultrasound, X-rays, particle beams and magnetic resonance l Diagnostics expert systems l Therapeutic equipment and devices, such as kidney dialysis and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) l Radiation therapy l Exercise equipment l Artificial internal organs, body parts l Evaluation, Safety & Maintenance l Training l Publishing & Reporting systems l Research & Development

Some of the contributions of biomedical engineering include:

  • Forrest Bird (mechanical ventilator).
  • John Charnley (artificial hip replacement).
  • Graeme Clarke (cochlear implant).
  • Willem Einthoven (electrocardiograph).
  • Wilson Greatbatch (internal cardiac pacemaker).
  • Charles Hufnagel (artificial heart valve).
  • Robert Jarvik (artificial heart).
  • Willem Johan Kolff (kidney dialysis).
  • Rene Laënnec (stethoscope).
  • Michel Mirowski (implantable cardioverter defibrillator).
  • Wilhelm Roentgen (X-rays).

RMIT World Rankings #92 in the world for Engineering & Technology, #71 in the world for Employability. *source: QS ranking website

1Scope of Biomedical Engineering in India and Cornerstone

India: Biomedical Engineering is still in the development stage in India and, therefore, scope is very limited for this field. One of the main reasons why progress is slow is due to the lack of integration between research institutions, hospitals and universities in India. In developed nations such as USA, UK and Singapore, excellent integration exists between universities and hospitals, thereby creating the perfect environment for R&D in Biomedical Engineering. In India, most of the jobs related to Biomedical Engineering are in non-tech areas such as service, maintenance, customer support, sales and management. Students interested in pursuing a career in research and core development work in Biomedical Engineering must look for jobs in universities, labs and research centers in India or pursue MS and PhD studies in USA, UK and other nations.

Cornerstone: The scope for this field is excellent with Cornerstone with career progression in various countries and universities. Biomedical Engineering is doing extremely well in USA, UK, Germany, Singapore, Canada and Australia. Other countries such as Japan and China are also doing very well in this field. There has been some tremendous achievements and breakthroughs in these nations due to the excellent integration that exists between research centers, universities and hospitals, thereby enabling researchers, scientists, faculty and surgeons to work together to solve complex problems in medicine and healthcare. Pay packages are impressive for biomedical engineers in these countries. Students who are very ambitious and looking to climb up the ladder in this field will benefit immensely in biomedical engineering. A career in Biomedical Engineering in the above mentioned nations will be very rewarding and satisfying.

2Work Environment

Major job hubs for Biomedical Engineers are in USA, CANADA, UK, GERMANY, AUSTRALIA & SINGAPORE


L&T, General Electric Global Research, Stryker Global Technology Center, Deloitte Consulting India Pvt Ltd, Texas Instruments Inc, Phillips Healthcare, Orbees Medical, Siemens, Covidien


Boston Scientific, Stryker, Phillips, Abbott Laboratories, GE Healthcare, Baxter International Inc, Roche, Medtronic, Siemens, Johnson & Johnson, Aptus Endosystems, Atricure, CardioKinetix, Cryovascular, Devax, Epicor Medical, Heartport Inc., Intuity Medical, Sanarus Medical, SentreHEART, Sequent Medical, St. Francis Medical Technologies, Synarc, Talima Therapeutics

Professional Accreditations